great References  https://www.gwu.edu/~umpleby/recent_papers/1998_origins_purposes_se...

 

Ackoff, Russell L. and Rivett, Patrick (1963).  A manager’s guide to operations research.  New York: Wiley.

 

Ackoff, Russell L. and Emery, Fred E. (1972).  On purposeful systems.  Chicago: Aldine‑Atherton.

 

Ackoff, Russell L. (1981).  Creating the corporate future:  Plan or be planned for.  New York:  Wiley.

 

Ackoff, Russell L., E.V. Finnel and J. Gharajedaghi (1984).  A guide to controlling your corporation’s future.  New York: Wiley.

 

Ackoff, Russell L. (1994).  The democratic corporation: A radical prescription for recreating corporate America and rediscovering success.  New York: Oxford University Press.

 

Allison, Graham (1971).  Essence of decision: Explaining the Cuban missile crisis.  Boston: Little-Brown.

 

Argyris, Chris and Schön, Donald A. (1974).  Theory in practice: Increasing professional effectiveness.  San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

 

Argyris, Chris (September 1976).  “Single-loop and double-loop models in research on decision making,” Administrative sciences quarterly.  Vol. 21(3), pp. 363-375.

 

Argyris, Chris and Schön, Donald A. (1978).  Organizational learning: A theory of action perspective.  Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

 

Argyris, Chris and Schön, Donald A. (1996).  Organizational learning II: Theory, method, and practice.  Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

 

Ashby, Ross (1956).  An introduction to cybernetics.  London: Chapman and Hall.

 

Ashby, Ross (1960).  Design for a brain.  Second edition.  New York: Wiley.

 

Axelrod, Robert (1984).  The evolution of cooperation.  New York: Basic Books.

 

Bateson, Gregory (1972).  Steps to an ecology of mind.  New York: Ballantine.

 

Beer, Stafford (1966). Decision and control: The meaning of operational research and management cybernetics. New York: Wiley.

 

Beer, Stafford (1972). Brain of the firm: A development in management cybernetics. New York: Herder and Herder.

 

Beer, Stafford (1975). Platform for change: A message from Stafford Beer. New York: Wiley.

 

Bell, Daniel (1973) The coming of post-industrial society: A venture in social forecasting.  New York: Basic Books. 

 

Boguslaw, Robert (1965).  The new utopians: A study of system design and social change.  Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

 

Boulding, Kenneth (1956).  The image: Knowledge in life and society.  Ann Arbor:  University of Michigan Press.

 

Boulding, Kenneth (1978).  Ecodynamics: A new theory of societal evolution.  Beverley Hills: Sage Publications.

 

Box, George E. and Jenkins, G. M. (1970).  Time series analysis for forecasting and control.  San Francisco: Holden Day.

 

Brown, Anthony Cave (1975) Bodyguard of lies.  New York: Harper and Row.

 

Brown, G. Spencer (1969).  Laws of Form.  London:  George Allen and Unwin.

 

Brown, Robert G. (1959).  Statistical forecasting for inventory control.  New York: McGraw-Hill.

 

Buckley, Walter, ed. (1968) Modern systems research for the behavioral scientist.  Chicago: Aldine Publishing Co.

 

Checkland, Peter (1981).  Systems thinking: Systems practice.  New York: Wiley.

 

Christofides, N. (1973).  “The Optimum Traversal of a Graph,” Omega, 1, 719-732.

 

Churchman, C. West, Ackoff, Russell L., and Arnoff, E. Leonard (1957).  Introduction to operations research.  New York: Wiley.

 

Churchman, C. West (1961).  Prediction and optimal decision.  Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

 

Churchman, C. West (1968).  The systems approach.  New York : Dell Pub. Co.

 

Churchman, C. West (1971).  The design of inquiring systems: Basic concepts of systems in organizations.  New York: Basic Books.

 

Cleland, David I. and King, William R. (1968).  Systems analysis and project management.  New York: McGraw-Hill.

 

Cleland, David I. and King, William R. (1972).  Management: A systems approach.  New York: McGraw-Hill.

 

Conant, Roger and Ashby, Ross (1970).  “Every good regulator of a system must be a model of that system,” International Journal of Systems Science, Vol. 1, No. 2, 89-97.

 

Conant, Roger (1981).  Mechanisms of intelligence: Ross Ashby’s writings on cybernetics.  Seaside, CA: Intersystems.

 

Crosby, Philip (1979).  Quality is free.  New York: McGraw-Hill.

 

Dantzig, George Bernard (1963).  Linear programming and extensions.  Princeton: Princeton University Press.

 

Deming, W. Edwards (1960).  Sample design in business research. New York: Wiley.

 

Deming, W. Edwards (1986).  Out of the crisis. Cambridge, MA: MIT, Center for Advanced Engineering Study.

 

Deming, W. Edwards (1993).  The new economics for industry, government, education.  Cambridge: MIT Center for Advanced Engineering Study.

 

Deutsch, Karl W. (1966).  The nerves of government: Models of political communication and control.  New York: The Free Press.

 

Dickson, Paul (1971).  Think tanks.  New York: Atheneum.

 

Feigenbaum, Armand V. (May 1957).  “The challenge of total quality control,” Industrial quality control.  17-23.

 

Fisher, Ronald (1935) The design of experiments.  Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd.

 

Forrester, Jay W. (1961).  Industrial dynamics.  Portland, OR: Productivity Press.

 

Forrester, Jay W. (1969).  Urban dynamics. Portland, OR: Productivity Press.

 

Forrester, Jay W. (1971).  World dynamics. (second edition, 1973) Portland, OR: Productivity Press.

 

Goodman, Michael (1974).  Study notes in system dynamics.  Cambridge, MA: MIT. Press.

 

Heims, Steve J. (1991) The cybernetics group. Cambridge: MIT Press.

 

Howard, Nigel (1971).  Paradoxes of rationality: Theory of metagames and political behavior.  Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

      

Ishikawa, Kaoru (1976).  Guide to quality control.  Tokyo: Asian Productivity Organization.

 

Jantsch, Erich (1975).  Design for evolution:  Self-organization and planning in the life of human systems.  New York:  Braziler.

 

Juran, J. M. (1944).  Bureaucracy, a challenge to better management: A constructive analysis of management effectiveness in the federal government.  New York: Harper & Brothers.

 

Juran, J. M. (1945).  Management of inspection and quality control. New York: Harper & Brothers.

 

Juran, J. M. (1955).  Case studies in industrial management. New York: McGraw‑Hill.

 

Juran, J. M. (1964).  Managerial breakthrough: A new concept of the manager's job.

           New York: McGraw‑Hill.

 

Juran, J. M., and Gryna, Frank M.  (1970).  Quality planning and analysis: From product development through usage.  New York: McGraw‑Hill.

 

Katz, Daniel and Kahn, Robert L. (1966).  The social psychology of organizations.  New York: Wiley.

 

Kleinrock, L. (1975).  Queueing systems.  New York: Wiley.

 

Klir, George J. (1969).  An approach to general systems theory.  New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.

 

Kuhn, Thomas S. (1970).  The structure of scientific revolutions (2nd ed.).  Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

 

Luce, R. Duncan and Raiffa, Howard (1957).  Games and decisions: Introduction and critical survey.  New York: Wiley.

 

Machol, Robert E., et al., ed. (1965).  System engineering handbook.  New York: McGraw-Hill.

 

McCulloch, Warren, and Pitts, Walter (1943).  “A logical calculus of the ideas imminent in nervous activity,” reprinted in Embodiments of Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1965.

 

McCulloch, Warren (1965).  Embodiments of Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

 

Meadows, Dennis, et al. (1974).  Dynamics of growth in a finite world.  Cambridge, MA: MIT. Press.

 

Meadows, Dennis (1998).  Letter dated January 13, 1998.

 

Meadows, Donella H. and Meadows, Dennis (1972).  The limits to growth: A report for the Club of Rome's project on the predicament of mankind.  New York: Universe Books.

 

Meadows, Donella H., Richardson, John and Bruckmann, Gerhart (1982).  Groping in the dark : The first decade of global modeling.  New York : Wiley.

 

Meadows, Donella H., Meadows, Dennis, and Randers, Jorgen (1992).  Beyond the limits : Confronting global collapse, envisioning a sustainable future.  Post Mills, VT. : Chelsea Green Pub.

 

Meier, Richard L. (1956).  Science and economic development: new patterns of living.  Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

 

Meier, Richard L. (1962).  A communications theory of urban growth.  Cambridge, MA:  MIT Press.

 

Mesarovic, Mihajlo and Pestel, Eduard (1974).  Mankind at the turning point.  New York: Dutton.

 

Miller, James G. (1978).  Living Systems.  New York: McGraw-Hill.

 

Mitroff, Ian I. and Blankenship, L. Vaughan (1973).  “On the methodology of the holistic experiment: An approach to the conceptualization of large-scale social experiments,”Technological forecasting and social change.  4, 339-353.

 

Odum, Howard T. and Elisabeth C. (1976). Energy basis for man and nature. New York: McGraw-Hill.

 

Parsons, Talcott (1951).  The social system.  Glencoe, IL: Free Press.

 

Peccei, Aurelio (1969).  The chasm ahead.  New York: Macmillan, 1969.

 

Platt, John R. (1966). The step to man. New York: Wiley.

 

Platt, John (November 28, 1969).  “What is to be done?”  Science, v.166.

 

Quade, E. S. (1971).  “A history of cost-effectiveness analysis,” Paper P-4557.  Santa Monica, CA: The RAND Corporation.

 

Raiffa, Howard (1968).  Decision analysis: Introductory lectures on choices under uncertainty.  Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

 

Rapoport, Anatol (1960).  Fights, games, and debates.  Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

 

Rapoport, Anatol (1986).  General system theory: Essential concepts and applications.  Tunbridge Wells, Kent: Abacus Press.

 

Revans, R. W. (1980).  Action learning: New techniques for management.  London: Blond and Briggs.

 

Rosenblueth, A., Wiener, N., and Bigelow, J. (1943).  “Behavior, purpose and teleology” reprinted in Walter Buckley, ed. (1968). Modern systems research for the behavioral scientist: A sourcebook. Chicago: Aldine Press.

 

Saaty, Thomas L. (1961).  Elements of queueing theory, with applications.  New York: McGraw-Hill.

 

Schlesinger, Leonard (1980).  Quality of work life and the supervisor.  New York: Praeger Publishers.

 

Schon, Donald A. (1967). Technology and change; The new Heraclitus. New York, Delacorte Press.

 

Schon, Donald (1979) “Organizational learning” in Beyond method: Strategies for social research (ed. G. Morgan), pp. 114-127.  Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

 

Schon, Donald (1987) Educating the reflective practitioner.  San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

 

Senge, Peter M. (1990). The fifth discipline: The art and practice of the learning organization. New York: Doubleday.

 

Senge, Peter M., et al. (1994).  The fifth discipline field book.  New York:  Doubleday.

 

Shafer, G. (1976).  A mathematical theory of evidence.  Princeton: Princeton University Press.

 

Shannon, Claude and Warren Weaver (1949)  The Mathematical Theory of Communication.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

 

Shewhart, Walter A. with the editorial assistance of W. Edwards Deming (1939) Statistical method from the viewpoint of quality control.  Washington, DC: The Graduate School, the Department of Agriculture.     

 

Simon, Herbert A. (1957). Models of man: Social and rational. New York: Wiley.

 

Toffler, Alvin (1980) The third wave.  New York: Morrow.

 

Turing, Alan (October 1950).  “Computing machinery and intelligence,” Mind.

 

Umpleby, Stuart A. (1990).  “The science of cybernetics and the cybernetics of science,”Cybernetics and Systems.  Vol. 21, 109-121.

 

Umpleby, Stuart A. (1991).  “Strategies for winning acceptance of second order cybernetics,” International Symposium on Systems Research, Informatics and Cybernetics, Baden-Baden, Germany, August 12-18, 1991.

 

Umpleby, Stuart A. (1997).  “Cybernetics of conceptual systems,” Cybernetics and Systems.  Vol. 28, 635-651.

 

von Bertalanffy, Ludwig (1968).  General system theory: Foundations, development, applications.  New York: George Braziller.

 

von Foerster, Heinz, ed. with George Zopf (1962).  Principles of self-organization.  New York: Pergamon Press.

 

von Foerster, Heinz (1981).  Observing systems.  Seaside, CA: Intersystems.

 

von Neumann, John and Morgenstern, Oskar (1944) Theory of games and economic behavior.  Princeton: Princeton University Press.

 

Waddington, C. H. (1973).  Operations research in world war II: Operations research against the u-boat.  London: Elek.

 

Walton, Mary (1986).  The Deming management method.  New York: Perigee Books.

 

Watzlawick, Paul, ed.  (1984).  The invented reality : How do we know what we believe we know? : Contributions to constructivism.  New York : Norton.

 

Weinberg, Gerald M. (1975).  An introduction to general systems thinking.  New York: Wiley.

 

Wiener, Norbert (1948)  Cybernetics, or control and communication in the animal and the machine.  New York: Wiley.

 

Weiner, Norbert (1950). The human use of human beings: Cybernetics and society. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

 

Winterbotham, Frederick William (1974).  The ultra secret.  New York : Harper & Row.

 

Zeleny, Milan, ed. (1981). Autopoiesis, a theory of living organizations. New York: North Holland.

 

 

Table 1. Chronological Listing of a Sampling of Important Historical Contributions to Cybernetics and Systems Thinking

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year

General Systems Theory

The Systems Approach

Operations Research

System Dynamics

Organizational Learning

Total Quality Management

Cybernetics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1939-1949

 

 

Von Neumann,

   Theory of Games

 

 

Shewhart

   Statistical Method

 

Juran

   Bureaucracy

 

Juran

   Management of Inspection

McCulloch,

   “A Logical Calculus”

 

Wiener

   Cybernetics

 

Shannon

   Mathematical Theory

 

1950-1959

Boulding

   The Image

Churchman,

   Operations Research

Luce,

   Games and Decisions

 

Brown

   Statistical Forecasting for Inventory Control

 

Simon

   Models of Man

Juran

   Case Studies

 

Feigenbaum

   “The Challenge of TQ Control”

 

Wiener

   Human Use of Human Beings

 

Turing

 “Computing Machinery”

 

Ashby

   Design for a Brain

1960-1969

Rapoport

   Fights, Games and Debates

 

Duetsch

   Nerves of Government

 

Buckley,

   Modern Systems Research

 

Von Bertalanffy

   General System Theory

 

Klir

   Approach to GST

Churchman

   Prediction and Optional Decision

 

Churchman

   Systems Approach

Saaty

   Elements of Queueing Theory

 

Ackoff,

   Manager’s Guide to OR

 

Dantzig

   Linear Programming

 

Machol

   System Engineering Hdbk.

 

Boguslaw

   The New Utopians

 

Raifa

   Decision Analysis

Forrester

   IndustrialDynamics

 

Forrester

   Urban Dynamics

 

 

Schon

   Technology and Change

Deming

   Sample Design in Business Research

 

Juran

   Managerial Breakthrough

 

 

Ashby

   Introduction to Cybernetics

 

Von Foerster,

   Principles of Self-Organization

 

McCulloch,

   Embodiments of Mind

 

Beer

   Decision and Control

 

Brown

   Laws of Form

 

1970-1981

Howard

   Paradoxes of Rationality

 

Jantsch

   Design for Evolution

 

Weinberg

   General Systems Thinking

 

Odum,

   Energy Basis for Man and Nature

 

Miller

   Living Systems

 

Boulding

   Ecodynamics

Churchman

   Design of Inquiring Systems

 

Ackoff

   On Purposeful Systems

 

Checkland

   Systems Thinking

 

Ackoff

   Creating the Corporate Future

Box,

   Time Series Analysis

 

Quade,

   “History of Cost-effectiveness Analysis”

 

Christofides

   “Optimum Traversal of a Graph”

 

Waddington

   OR in WWII

 

Kleinrock

   Queueing Systems

 

Shafer

   Mathematical Theory of Evidence

Forrester

   World Dynamics

 

Meadows,

   The Limits of Growth

 

Meadows

   Dynamics of Growth

 

Mesarovic

   Mankind at the Turning Point

 

Goodman

   Study Notes in System Dynamics

Allison

   Essence of Decision

 

Argyris,

   Theory in Practice

 

Argyris

   “Single-Loop and Double-Loop Models”

 

Argyris,

Organizational Learning

 

Schon

“Organizational Learning”

 

Revans

   Action Learning

Juran

   Quality Planning and Analysis

 

Ishikawa

   Guide to Quality Control

 

Crosby

   Quality is Free

 

Schlesinger

   Quality of Work Life and the Supervisor

Bateson

   Steps to an Ecology of Mind

 

Beer

   Brain of the Firm

 

Beer

   Platform for Change

 

Conant,

   Mechanisms of Intelligence

 

Von Foerster

   Observing Systems

 

Note: An author’s name followed by a comma indicates that there are co-authors. See the reference section for complete citation.

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