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Table 1. Chronological Listing of a Sampling of Important Historical Contributions to Cybernetics and Systems Thinking










General Systems Theory

The Systems Approach

Operations Research

System Dynamics

Organizational Learning

Total Quality Management













Von Neumann,

   Theory of Games




   Statistical Method






   Management of Inspection


   “A Logical Calculus”






   Mathematical Theory




   The Image


   Operations Research


   Games and Decisions



   Statistical Forecasting for Inventory Control



   Models of Man


   Case Studies



   “The Challenge of TQ Control”



   Human Use of Human Beings



 “Computing Machinery”



   Design for a Brain



   Fights, Games and Debates



   Nerves of Government



   Modern Systems Research


Von Bertalanffy

   General System Theory



   Approach to GST


   Prediction and Optional Decision



   Systems Approach


   Elements of Queueing Theory



   Manager’s Guide to OR



   Linear Programming



   System Engineering Hdbk.



   The New Utopians



   Decision Analysis





   Urban Dynamics




   Technology and Change


   Sample Design in Business Research



   Managerial Breakthrough




   Introduction to Cybernetics


Von Foerster,

   Principles of Self-Organization



   Embodiments of Mind



   Decision and Control



   Laws of Form




   Paradoxes of Rationality



   Design for Evolution



   General Systems Thinking



   Energy Basis for Man and Nature



   Living Systems





   Design of Inquiring Systems



   On Purposeful Systems



   Systems Thinking



   Creating the Corporate Future


   Time Series Analysis



   “History of Cost-effectiveness Analysis”



   “Optimum Traversal of a Graph”



   OR in WWII



   Queueing Systems



   Mathematical Theory of Evidence


   World Dynamics



   The Limits of Growth



   Dynamics of Growth



   Mankind at the Turning Point



   Study Notes in System Dynamics


   Essence of Decision



   Theory in Practice



   “Single-Loop and Double-Loop Models”



Organizational Learning



“Organizational Learning”



   Action Learning


   Quality Planning and Analysis



   Guide to Quality Control



   Quality is Free



   Quality of Work Life and the Supervisor


   Steps to an Ecology of Mind



   Brain of the Firm



   Platform for Change



   Mechanisms of Intelligence


Von Foerster

   Observing Systems


Note: An author’s name followed by a comma indicates that there are co-authors. See the reference section for complete citation.

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